Male osteoporosis is under-diagnosed and undertreated. Men are less likely than women to receive screening and evaluation for osteoporosis. The Veterans Administration has identified the need to further study osteoporosis in men. The Health Belief Model was used as the theoretical framework to guide the project. An electronic health record (EHR) audit was used to determine osteoporosis prevalence in male veterans and determine how the use of an osteoporosis risk assessment tool will identify more male veterans who may benefit from screening by dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) than are currently being screened with current practice standards. Electronic health records (EHR) of 425 veterans were reviewed. Veterans excluded from the project were all women, men less than 50 years, and men more than 89 years of age. Therefore, a total of 365 veteran’s EHRs were included in the project. Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool (OST) was selected to screen osteoporosis risk using data from the health records of male veterans. The score was determined by subtracting the veteran’s age from his weight in kilograms and multiplying by 0.2. A score of three or less was selected to indicate a need for DXA screening. Approximately 40% or 147 of 365 veterans had OST scores of three or less. Two of 365 veterans (<1%) were referred for DXA scan using current practice standards. The prevalence of osteoporosis based on EHR documentation in this veteran sample was 3.56%. The prevalence of osteoporosis among Caucasians in the sample was 4.27% and among African-Americans was 1.26%, which was below the national prevalence rates of 7% and 4% respectively. Results indicate that male veterans are not adequately assessed for osteoporosis.